San Francisco is defined by its hills. They give rise to, even are, its landmarks: Coit Tower, Nob Hill, the cable cars. They are the mirror image of the neighborhoods into which they divide The City. They shape the fog, guiding it away from sunny districts and into others. What better way to know San Francisco than to know its hills?

Several years ago I took a series of walks from my home in the Mission District to the tops of some of San Francisco’s major hills. Behind one day’s goal always rose up the next, a hill I’d seen from the top of the last one or an interesting name on the map. Eventually I wanted to visit all of them; I needed to know what they were; and in the end there was nothing for it but to decide for myself.

Standing on the shoulders of giants

Which is certainly not to say that no-one has made a list of San Francisco’s hills before. They have, and it’s worth looking at what’s already been written on the subject before setting out ourselves.

In the growing genre of lists of San Francisco hills, it’s a tradition to mention the “seven hills of San Francisco”, chalk the idea up to an echo of Rome, and go on to count higher (a tradition I certainly intend to follow). Perhaps there are seven hills that stand out from the rest, but, as Herb Caen notes in his introduction to Hills of San Francisco, no-one can quite agree on which. Lists of seven are likely to include Telegraph, Nob and Russian Hills, around which San Francisco’s oldest neighborhoods grew up, and The City’s highest three hills, Mount Davidson, Twin Peaks and Mount Sutro. The seventh might be anything; perhaps Rincon Hill, perhaps Lone Mountain. Perhaps, then, we shouldn’t limit ourselves to seven.

We might turn instead to the highest law in the land, the board of the U.S. Geological Survey which is responsible for standardizing place names used by the federal government. You can see the USGS’s list by going to and searching for all of the “summits” in San Francisco County, CA. There are twenty-two; two are in the Farallon Islands — a useful reminder that even the simple phrase “in San Francisco” needs a little definition — and one is an error, a confusion of Lone Mountain and Presidio Hill, both already on the list. Though the rest are a good start, it’s not hard to think of hills that Uncle Sam missed. Just to name a few, the peaks of Diamond Heights and Golden Gate Heights are missing altogether.

The most charming and evocative survey of the City’s high places came in Hills of San Francisco, a compilation of columns from the San Francisco Chronicle published in 1959. It describes each of 42 hills with such a wealth of local detail that its list is still the one most often seen today. A few hills are still missing — among them two in the Presidio and several small hills in Golden Gate Park — and though a couple of entries have hilly names, they aren’t hills at all.

Glady’s Hansen’s authoritative and thorough San Francisco Almanac repeats the list from Hills of San Francisco in its “Hills” chapter (adding the recently-named Cathedral Hill for a count of 43), but then quietly gives a different answer by including many additional hills in its chapter on “Place Names”. Piecing together the two lists gives us the names of almost every named hill in the City. Of the major hills on the mainland, only Rob Hill is missing.

Most recently, Tom Graham, in an article in the San Francisco Chronicle, listed the 53 hills he’d identified while walking every street in San Francisco. Along with most of the hills from San Francisco Almanac, Rob Hill is here, as well as a peak or two (Sherwood Forest, Monterey Heights) not seen on earlier lists. Unfortunately, a few names are applied to the wrong places.[i]

So, what can yet another list accomplish besides a few corrections and additions? The most complete source, San Francisco Almanac, is out of print, and it takes some effort to sort the hills it mentions from other place names. And some hills don’t have names, and some have more than one.

When is a hill a hill?

When it’s a lone mountain. That is, if you can walk all the way around it, always looking up to its summit. It’s not so clear cut when hills run together into a ridge, which most of San Francisco’s do. Height alone is not so important: a very small hill may be perfectly obvious, while a string of higher summits may be hard to tell one from the next. It’s easier to call a hill a hill if it’s separated from its neighbors — if, on a topographic map, a contour line or two traces all the way around its summit. Horizontal distance matters as well: the longer a ridge between two summits, the more reasonable it seems to name them differently, even if it doesn’t dip very low between them.

Just as important as topography is the judgement of generations of San Franciscans, manifested in the names they’ve given to the lumps and bumps they live on. The gap between Nob Hill and Russian Hill is only just deep enough for us to tell one from the other if we were starting fresh, but no native would think of confusing them. Considering only geography, one could divide McLaren Ridge into three or four or five features just as distinct from one another as Nob Hill from Russian Hill, but no-one has ever needed to and so we don’t.

But nomenclature too has its traps. San Francisco English may not have the dozens of words for “hill” that Eskimos legendarily do for snow, but it compensates by using the words it has in different ways. While a feature called a “hill” or “mount” or “mountain” is usually just that, a “hill” might also be just a face of another hill, particularly if (like Billy Goat Hill, for example) it stands out because it is undeveloped. Any street can become a “hill” when it heads upwards, and can sometimes acquire a capital H. “Heights” is an even more elastic term: it might mean a ridge, a bluff, an ordinary round hill or even only a slope. The City has a few “Points” (Christmas Tree Point below Twin Peaks, Broom Point and Chicken Point in Golden Gate Park), not projections of land into water but the sharp ends of ridges; some are hills and some not. A “terrace” is usually nothing more than a real estate subdivision, one not necessarily on a height or slope, but many streets in the Mount Olympus area are Terraces. And the single use of “Mound” within City limits gives away the namers’ hesitation, knowing that what they were naming was the merest of elevations.

All of which is to say that poring over neither topographic maps nor lists of place names alone suffices to separate the hills from the flatlands. While I didn’t want criteria that required me to re-survey every summit and ridge in the City, neither did I want to ignore the gaps between existing lists and what was actually on the map and all around me as I walked.

On USGS topographic maps of San Francisco, nearly every named hill in the City is separated from its neighbors by two or more contour lines — that is, the ground between them is no less than 25 feet, and usually more like 50 feet, lower than their tops. On inspection, most “hills” that this criterion leaves out don’t seem like hills at all. I allowed a little leeway for the features traditionally called “hills” and a little less for “heights” and the like, and I raised the bar a bit for summits traditionally considered part of a larger feature. The result was a list that left out only the most suspicious of the usual suspects. Combing the City for unnamed hills that met these criteria, I found only a few; San Franciscans have been very observant about their home.

While the problem is complex enough that no solution will satisfy everyone — my criteria require a little judgement in a few cases; had I chosen completely strict criteria one could in turn differ with those — I’m more than happy enough with the list I came up with to say that I’ve stood on top of every hill in San Francisco. If you’d like to do the same, here they are.

The hills

Alamo Heights
Its summit is Alamo Square Park.
Anza Hill
Bounded by Turk, Masonic, Geary and Divisadero.
Azalea Hill
In Golden Gate Park, south of Rhododendron Dell.
Bayshore Heights
South of the intersection of Bayshore Blvd and U.S. 101, encircled by Hester Avenue, Lois Lane crosses its summit.
Bayview Heights
At the southeast corner of the City, on Candlestick Point, between Interstate 280 and Candlestick Park.

A.k.a. Bayview Hill.
Bernal Heights
Its summit is Bernal Heights Park, bounded by the Boulevard of the same name.

Sometimes humorously known, alluding to its many lesbian residents, as Nanny Goat Hill. Precita Heights is the eastern end of the same ridge.

Buena Vista Heights
Its summit is Buena Vista Park, bounded by Buena Vista Avenue West.
Bunker Hill
In Golden Gate Park, across Martin Luther King Jr. Drive from Mallard Lake.
Cannon Hill
Its summit is at Pacific & Lyon.

The west end of the ridge of Pacific Heights. Named for the cannon that once stood at the southeast corner of the Presidio.
Casino Hill
In Golden Gate Park, west of the Conservatory of Flowers.
Castro Hill
Its summit is on Collingwood just north of 22nd Street.
Chicken Point
In Golden Gate Park, across John F. Kennedy Drive from the Conservatory of Flowers.

A.k.a. Lawn Point or Favorite Point.

City College Hill
North of Ocean Avenue and west of Interstate 280, its summit is crowned by City College’s Science Hall.
Clarendon Heights
The site of Sutro Tower.

A.k.a. Sutro Crest.
College Hill
Bounded by Mission Street and St. Mary’s, San Jose & Richland Avenues.

This hill would have been merely the eastern end of Fairmont had it not been separated from Fairmont Heights by the Bernal Cut around 1862. St. Mary’s College, for which College Hill was named, opened in 1863.
Corona Heights
The rocky peak between Buena Vista Heights and the Castro District.
Dolores Heights
Its summit is around 21st Street between Noe and Sanchez.

A.k.a. Noe or Sanchez Hill. Liberty Hill is its eastern end. 22nd Street between Church & Vicksburg, with a 31.5% grade, is one of San Francisco’s two steepest streets.
Edgehill Heights
Northwest of Mt. Davidson, its summit is ringed by Edgehill Way.
Excelsior Heights
Between Mission Street and McLaren Park, its peak is at France and Madrid Streets.
Fairmount Heights
The easternmost peak of Diamond Heights. Its summit is on Everson Street near Digby.

Billy Goat Hill is part of its northern slope.
Forest Hill
The southernmost peak of Golden Gate Heights. Two water tanks and a broadcast tower mark its summit at the west end of Mendosa Avenue.

Hawk Hill, above Hoover Middle School, is its southwest slope.
Goat Hill
On Yerba Buena Island.

Several hills in San Francisco have been called Goat Hill or Billy Goat Hill or Nanny Goat Hill at one time or another. Hillsides too steep for houses were heaven for goats.
Gold Mine Hill
Diamond Heights’ central peak. Ora Way runs over its summit.
Grand View Hill
This bare northernmost peak of Golden Gate Heights interrupts Moraga between 14th and 15th Avenues.

A.k.a. Turtle Hill.
Hippie Hill
In Golden Gate Park, north of Children’s Playground.
Heidelberg Hill
North of the fountain in Golden Gate Park’s Strybing Arboretum.

Site of the Heidelberg Castle in the 1894 Midwinter Exposition.
Holly Hill
The hill, southwest of Bernal Hill, whose apex is Holly Park, bordered by Holly Park Circle.
Hunter’s Point Ridge
The eastern of the Hunter’s Point neighborhood’s two hills. Its top is on Whitney Young Circle near Hilltop Park.

A.k.a Stony Hill.
Ignatian Heights
The low hill south just south of Lone Mountain. Its summit is on the University of San Francisco campus between Fulton, Parker, Golden Gate and Masonic.
Irish Hill
A remant of a once much larger hill at 20th and Illinois Streets.
Kite Hill
Grand View Terrace and Corwin Street dead-end at this undeveloped hill northeast of Twin Peaks.

See also Merced Heights.
Lafayette Heights
Its top is Lafayette Square.

The eastern peak of the ridge that is Pacific Heights. Cathedral Hill is its southern face.
Larsen Peak
The highest peak of the four of Golden Gate Heights. Sunset Heights Park, between Quintara Street, 14th Avenue, Rockridge Drive and 12th Avenue, marks its summit.
Laurel Hill
Lupine Avenue runs along the top of this hill.
Lincoln Heights
The Palace of the Legion of Honor sits atop this hill in Lincoln Park.
Lone Mountain
The main building of the University of San Francisco is at the top of this hill between Turk Boulevard, Parker and Anza Streets and Masonic Avenue.
Maintop Hill
On Maintop Island in the southease Farallon Islands.
Martha Hill
At the east end of Martha Avenue in Glen Park.
McLaren Ridge
Stretches from the blue water tower above La Grande Avenue at its west end to Interstate 280 in the east end.

McLaren Ridge has eight different summits of varying degrees of prominence, but only one has a name: Visitacion Knob, McLaren Ridge’s highest point, just west of the intersection of Shelley Drive and Mansell.Street. University Mound is the area on the northern slopes of McLaren Ridge to the west of the University Mound Reservoir.
Merced Heights
Comprises three summits: that in Brooks Park at its west end, the highest, Shields/Orizaba Rocky Outcrop (one of San Francisco’s finest and least-known views), and that at the intersection of Thrift and Summit Streets.

A.k.a. Ingleside Heights. Merced Heights and Ingleside Heights sometimes refer to the north and south slopes of the same ridge. The western summit is also known as Kite Hill. The Columbia Heights neighborhood is around the eastern end of Lakeview Avenue.
Mint Hill
Between Duboce Avenue and Webster, Hermann and Buchanan Streets.

Mint Hill was created by the Market Street Cut and truncated when the New Mint was built.
Monterey Heights
Southwest of Mt. Davidson, between Rosewood and Fernwood Drives.
Mt. Davidson
San Francisco’s highest hill is topped by a colossal concrete cross.

Stanford Heights is a neighborhood on its southeastern slope.
Mt. Lick
Rises up behind the horseshoe pits in the northeastern corner of Golden Gate Park.
Mt. Olympus
The traffic circle at the end of Upper Terrace marks its summit.

Its north face is the Ashbury Heights neighborhood.
Mt. St. Joseph
The summit is bounded by Topeka Drive, Bridgeview Avenue and Newhall Street.
Mt. Sutro
Its peak is at the west end of Behr Avenue.

Parnassus Heights, site of the University of California at San Francisco, is on its north slope.
Nob Hill
The summit of San Francisco’s most famous hill is around the intersection of Clay and Jones Streets.
Potrero Hill
A complex hill between Route 101, 17th Street, Interstate 280 and Cesar Chavez Street, its highest point is around the reservoir at 22nd and Wisconsin Streets.
Precita Heights
The eastern part of Bernal Heights, with summits at the intersection of Rutledge and Franconia and on Peralta between Ripley and Esmeralda.
Presidio Hill
In the Presidio between Presidio, Washington and Arguello Boulevards and West Pacific Avenue. A reservoir is at its top.
Red Rock Hill
Red Rock Way marks the top of this northernmost peak of Diamond Heights.
Rincon Hill
Its apex at First and Harrison Streets is crowned by the One Rincon Hill skyscraper.
Rob Hill
Between Washington Boulevard and Hunter Road in the western Presidio.
Russian Hill
Its twin summits are marked by George Sterling Park and by the architecturally important block of Vallejo Street west of Jones. Filbert between Hyde and Leavenworth is San Francisco’s other steepest street.
Sherwood Forest
Robin Hood Way runs along the crest of this shoulder of Mt. Davidson.
Strawberry Hill
Golden Gate Park’s largest hill rises out of Stow Lake.
Sutro Heights
This bluff above the Cliff House still preserves the ruins of Adolf Sutro’s estate.
Tank Hill
The undeveloped outcrop at the east end of Twin Peaks Boulevard.
Telegraph Hill
Site of Coit Tower and Nob Hill’s rival in fame.
Tower Hill
On Southeast Farallon Island.

A.k.a. Lighthouse Hill, Beacon Hill.
Twin Peaks
The pair of round hills with a single name at the center of San Francisco.
904′, 922′

Christmas Tree Point, north of the northern Twin Peak, is the site of the viewing area.
University Mound
This low bluff in the Portola District is the site of the same-named reservoir.

Despite what earlier sources say, there is no summit in the tract west of the reservoir. But the steep edges of the reservoir site, along with tradition, keep University Mound on the list.
Washington Heights
Washington High School, between Balboa, 32nd, Geary and 30th Avenue, tops this broad hill in the Richmond.
Waterfall Hill
The hill at the back of Golden Gate Park’s Japanese Tea Garden.
Whiskey Hill
The ridge in Golden Gate Park between Lincoln Way, Martin Luther King Jr. Drive and Kezar Way.
A hill in the San Francisco dump, south of Little Hollywood Community Park, its highest point is at the south end of Tocoloma Avenue.

It’s hard to suggest a name for this one. Hollywood Hill would be a fine name, but Bayshore Heights to the north of the neighborhood displays more of its character and is already named. Dump Hill is not likely to be a popular choice.
A hill in the Bayview District entirely occupied by the Alice Griffith, or Double Rock, housing project, roughly bounded by Fitzgerald Avenue, Cameron Way and Griffith Street.

Double Rock itself is just off shore in South Basin. What more likely name for the hill which overlooks it than Double Rock Hill?
A knob in Visitacion Valley along whose crest Pasadena Street runs.

The hill and street correspond so closely that this could be nothing other than Pasadena Hill.
A substantial undeveloped hill in Visitacion Valley between Geneva, Brookdale and Sunnydale Avenues and the Crocker-Amazon Playground.
A hill at the east end of Noe Valley whose peak is on Dolores Street at Jersey Street.

It would be hard for this hill to inherit a street name: Dolores Street crosses two hills and its name is more or less used for the other, and the stretch of Jersey that climbs and ends atop this hill is not a busy one. Perhaps it’s time to bring back the name of John Horner (whose land holdings, still known as “Horner’s Addition” in city records, became Noe Valley) and call this Horner’s Hill.
The Noe Valley hill at whose summit is the Duncan-Castro Natural Area.

Dominating much of Noe Valley as it does, it’s remarkable that this hill remains unnamed. As this narrow hill runs generally along Duncan Street, and as there’s already a Castro Hill, Duncan Hill would be a natural name for this one.
Golden Gate Heights’ unnamed peak is just north of Larsen Peak and bounded by Aerial Way, Funston Avenue and Pacheco Street.

Its west face is Rock Outcrop Natural Area.
The hill in Golden Gate Park atop which stands Prayerbook Cross.

I don’t know what one would call this hill other than Prayerbook Cross Hill, but I haven’t seen that name used.

*Heights are from USGS maps. I give the exact height when the USGS map has it, otherwise the height of the highest contour line surrounding the peak. Thanks to Jeff Harter for correcting many of the heights.

The lay of the land

San Francisco has no less than 74 hills. There are 71 on the mainland, of which 63 have names and eight do not, plus Goat Hill on Yerba Buena Island and Maintop and Tower Hills on the Farallons.

Many of these hills are familiar. Even the least-known major hills (Fairmount, Rob Hill) have already been listed in at least one earlier source. The length of the list comes from a handful of less-frequently-mentioned minor features such as the small hills around Mount Davidson, those in Golden Gate Park, hills on islands and hills without names. It’s also worth mentioning a few hills whose absence makes the list a bit shorter.

Details of Golden Gate Park have often been neglected by San Francisco geographers. In many ways it’s a world apart from the rest of the City. Many of the undulations of its underlying sand dunes have been preserved, both hills and depressions, sometimes seeming such a jumble of topography that individual features are hard to discern. The park’s undeveloped nature and winding paths also draw one’s attention away from particular peaks and valleys. But the names of its hills are particularly rich in associations — Heidelberg Hill, the site of the 1894 Midwinter Fair’s Heidelberg Castle; Hippie Hill, the front lawn of Haight-Ashbury, and so on — and they certainly deserve their place.

Most of San Francisco’s islands don’t contribute to the list at all. Although Angel Island and Red Rock Island lie partly within San Francisco, their summits do not. Alcatraz Island is entirely within City limits, but has no hill which can be distingushed from the island itself. Neither do any of the named rocks fit the notion of a hill. Only Yerba Buena Island and the Farallons have elevations with their own identities.

As populated and thoroughly studied as San Francisco is, perhaps it’s not surprising that nearly all of its hills have names. Only a few, many in less-visited corners of the city, do not. I’ve included here only the handful of unnamed features I’ve found which are unquestionably hilly and not part of some other feature. (I have been so bold as to suggest names for some of them, the names which have stuck in my own head, partly in the hope that someone who knows better might be inspired to correct me.) Although there are many more less-distinct prominences which might have rated as hills of their own if San Francisco’s residents had conferred names on them, any survey which primarily considers topography will not find many more candidates.

And what of the old friends who have gone missing? One can’t think about criteria for which unnamed features might be worth considering without realizing that a few of the features included on previous lists of hills come up short. For the most part these are simply cases of the same peak, or different slopes of the same peak, being given different names. Cathedral Hill is the south slope of Lafayette Hill, Billy Goat Hill is part of the north slope of Fairmount, and Parnassus Heights sits on Mount Sutro’s knee. On the other hand, some ridges don’t appear on the list but their constituent hills do: the well known place names of Pacific and Golden Gate and Diamond Heights make way here for the individual hills of which they’re made.

Everyone lives in their own world of their own making; everyone lives in their own San Francisco. How you see and think of and call — and count — things depends on where you go and what you see and do there. Maybe you know of a hill I don’t; I’d be happy to hear of it. Maybe some of the hills here are new to you; why not go exploring, and add something new to your list.

Happiness is almost not worth talking about because the instant you turn happiness into a goal it isn’t attainable any more. In other words, happiness isn’t something you can work towards. It isn’t something you can put someplace and overcome barriers to get to and so it makes a kind of difficult subject to talk about.

The thing which I think needs to be talked about is at the other end of the spectrum, the barriers to realizing happiness. The barriers to realizing happiness are a lot of very unhappy things. And they are the things which almost nobody talks about because very few of us are willing to confront those things.

Happiness is not a disease. It does not creep up on you slowly. It is something that happens in an instant. And the truth of the matter is that you can alter your state to a state of happiness, by simply choosing to be willing to have it be the way it is. In other words, if you walked in here tonight troubled, or if you’ve been sitting there troubled, or if you’re troubled in any way, in the next instant you can be totally untroubled, and it comes from a simple willingness. I’d really like you to get this. It comes from the very simple willingness. It is the willingness to look at what is as what is. It’s the willingness for it to be the way it is. Now, it may take you some days, or years to move through all of the circumstances of life and move from a resistance to them, an unwillingness for them to be the way they are, to a willingness for them to be the way they are. You can do all that. You can spend your years moving through all of it happily. You don’t need to do it unhappily. Happiness isn’t at the end of the rainbow. Happiness is at the beginning of the rainbow. Following the rainbow is happiness, not getting to the end of it.

You are poor because you have no ambition.

Jack Ma: Before I founded Alibaba, I invited 24 friends to my house to discuss the business opportunity. After discussing for a full two hours, they were still confused — I have to say that I may not have put myself across in a clear manner manner then. The verdict: 23 out of the 24 people in the room told me to drop the idea, for a multitude of reasons, such as: ‘you do not know anything about the internet, and more prominently, you do not have the start-up capital for this’ etc etc.

There was only one friend (who was working in a bank then) who told me, “If you want to do it, just try it. If things don’t work out the way you expected it to, you can always revert back to what you were doing before.” I pondered upon this for one night, and by the next morning, I decided I would do it anyway, even if all of the 24 people opposed the idea.

Jack Ma founding members

When I first started Alibaba, I was immediately met with strong opposition from family and friends. Looking back, I realised that the biggest driving force for me then was not my confidence in the Internet and the potential it held, but more of this: “No matter what one does, regardless of failure or success, the experience is a form of success in itself.” You have got to keep trying, and if it doesn’t work, you always can revert back to what you were doing before.

As with this quote by T.E. Lawrence – “All men dream: but not equally. Those who dream in the dark recesses of the night awake in the day to find all was vanity. But the dreamers of day are dangerous men, for they may act their dreams with open eyes, and make it possible.”

jack ma serious

Jack Ma: People lose out in life because of these 4 reasons:

Being myopic to opportunity
Looking down on opportunities
Lacking understanding
Failing to act quickly enough
You are poor, because you have no ambition.

Ambition is living a life of great ideals; a magnificent goal in life that must be realised.

In this world, there are things that are deemed unfathomable, but there is nothing in this world that cannot be done. The depth of one’s ambition determines the potential of one’ future.

The Story of Juliet Wu Shihong – one of China’s first-generation professional managers, who gained success by working her way up the ranks from a cleaner, a nurse, a marketing executive, through self-education and learning on the job.

Juliet Wu Shihong

She had been the general manager for the world’s most famous multinational IT groups’ Chinese branches (Microsoft 1985-1998; IBM 1998-1999). She is also China’s first successful international corporate executive to join the executive team of a domestic private firm. Wu was seen as a symbol of the new generation of business executives that China has produced in its economic reform and opening-up.

When Wu started off in a big company working from the lowest ranks, her daily job was to pour tea and sweep floors. Once, because she forgot her staff pass, the company’s guard stopped her at the door and denied her entry. She explained to the guard that she was indeed one of the company’s employees, and that she had merely left the building for a short while to purchase office supplies.

Despite her pleas, the guard still did not allow to enter. As she stood at the gate, she watched as those of similar age to her, but smartly dressed in business attire walking through without having to show their passes.

She asked the guard, “Why are these people allowed through without producing a pass?” The guard dismissed her coldly nonetheless.

That was the turning point for Wu – she felt great shame, her self-esteem trampled on.

She looked at herself, dressed in shabby clothes and pushing a dirty push cart. Looking back at those dressed in smart attire, her heart felt a deep ache from the sudden realization of the sorrow and grief from being discriminated. From that moment, she vowed never to allow herself to be shamed like this again, and to become world-famous.

Since then, she used every opportunity to enrich herself. Every day, she was the first to arrive at work, and the last one to leave. She made every second count, spending her time learning the ropes. Her efforts soon paid off; she was made a sales representative, and quickly progressed to being the regional general manager of this multinational company in China. Wu did not possess strong academic qualifications, and was revered as the ‘Queen of Part-timers’. Subsequently, she assumed the position of GM of IBM China. This is the Wu Shihong, the heroine in China’s business circle.

Juliet Wu Shihong
If not for the incident, Wu Shihong would not have had the ambition to become rich, and her life would have taken a very different path then.

You are poor because you do not have the desire to become successful.
You are poor because you lack foresight.
You are poor because you cannot overcome your cowardice.
You are poor because you lack the courage and determination.
With ambition you can overcome all inferiority and maximise your potential!
With ambition you can persevere, continuously learn new things and strive for perfection.
With ambition you can defy all odds, and create miracles when others daren’t.
No matter how poor your family is, do not doubt your own abilities and lose sight of your ambition.

When your family deems you worthless, no one will pity you.
When your parents do not have money to pay the medical bills, no one will pity you.
When you are beaten by your competitors, no one will pity you.
When your loved ones abandon you, no one will pity you.
When you have not accomplished anything by the time you are 35, no one will pity you.
Go big, or go home. Otherwise, you’re wasting your youth.


St Mary’s Church, San Francisco

Minimalism is not that you should own nothing. But that nothing should own you.

The overall keynote of Eights is expansiveness. The psyche of the Eight is “volcanic,” as if a massive force were constantly moving outward to impact or dominate the environment. The primary force is aggression that is directed toward the external world by the Eight’s formidably strong ego.

Paradox & Creative

September 2, 2014 — Leave a comment

“I have devoted 30 years of research to how creative people live and work, to make more understandable the mysterious process by which they come up with new ideas and new things. If I had to express in one word what makes their personalities different from others, it’s complexity. They show tendencies of thought and action that in most people are segregated. They contain contradictory extremes; instead of being an individual, each of them is a multitude.”


Actor–observer asymmetry (also actor–observer bias) explains the errors that one makes when forming attributions about the behavior of others (Jones & Nisbett, 1971). When people judge their own behavior, and they are the actor, they are more likely to attribute their actions to the particular situation than to a generalization about their personality. Yet when an observer is explaining the behavior of another person (the actor), they are more likely to attribute this behavior to the actors’s overall disposition rather than to situational factors. This frequent error shows the bias that people hold in their evaluations of behavior (Miller & Norman, 1975). Because people are better acquainted with the situational (external) factors affecting their own decisions, they are more likely to see their own behavior as affected by the social situation they are in. However, because the situational effects of anothers’ behavior are less accessible to the observer, observers see the actor’s behavior as influenced more by the actor’s overall personality. The actor-observer asymmetry is a component of the ultimate attribution error.

This term falls under “attribution” or “attribution theory”. The specific hypothesis of an actor-observer asymmetry in attribution (explanations of behavior) was originally proposed by Jones and Nisbett (1971), when they claimed that “actors tend to attribute the causes of their behavior to stimuli inherent in the situation, while observers tend to attribute behavior to stable dispositions of the actor” (p. 93). Supported by initial evidence, the hypothesis was long held as firmly established, describing a robust and pervasive phenomenon of social cognition.

The art of living … is neither careless drifting on the one hand nor fearful clinging to the past on the other. It consists in being sensitive to each moment, in regarding it as utterly new and unique, in having the mind open and wholly receptive.



August 27, 2014 — Leave a comment

– Lasting for a short period of time.
– (biology) Existing for only one day, as with some flowers, insects, and diseases
– (geology, of a body of water) Usually dry, but filling with water for brief periods during and after precipitation.